The Bangladesh Factory-Safety Agreements

Shortly after the disaster, Western brands reached two pioneering security agreements. In both agreements, undersigned foreign brands were required to publicly disclose their subcontracting plants in the hope that transparency could improve working conditions. Both have created safety standards and mechanisms to enforce them, although the agreement was considered the strongest of the two, with a legally binding arbitration clause. The alliance did not have such a clause, but it could impose fines and appoint members who violated their conditions. The country also has thousands of factories that are subcontracted or do not supply Western brands at all and are therefore not held responsible by any of the safety agreements; They produce mainly for local fast fashion brands or for retailers in India and China. Later that month, a fire in the Tazreen garment factory claimed the lives of 112 people, with the factory owners charged with murder. [4] Following this devastating event, a new proposal was developed calling for “better regulation and enforcement of legislation, investments in safer facilities and infrastructure, the closure of precarious premises, the commitment of workers and their representatives to promote safe working practices in administration and to report questions to the relevant authorities. , effective training and emergency preparedness for all staff, assessing buyer responsibilities and improving necessary practices.” The Bangladesh Fire and Building Safety Agreement (the agreement) was signed on 15 May 2013. It is a five-year, independent and legally binding agreement between global brands and retailers and trade unions, which aims to establish a Bangladeshi healthy health ready industry (GMR).

The agreement was reached immediately after the collapse of the Rana Plaza building, which left more than 1,100 people dead and more than 2,000 injured. In June 2013, an implementation plan was adopted, which led to the creation of the Bangladesh Accord Foundation in the Netherlands in October 2013. Related International Negotiation Article: Overcoming Cultural Barriers in Negotiations: The Importance of Culture and Etiquette in Bargaining Scenarios Other major brands involved in fire safety and safety talks are Wal-Mart and Gap Inc., which announced last year that they would launch their own safety program. The agreement is a binding instrument initiated by world union unions and federations in Bangladesh, in collaboration with workers` rights groups. The first agreement, which had a five-year mandate, was signed by more than 200 global fashion brands and distributors, Bangladeshi unions and World Union Federations. Clean Clothes Campaign is one of four witness signatories. The ILO (International Labour Organization) is a neutral president. “The agreement is and has been successful because of its binding nature, its binding nature, its transparency, its powerful claim mechanism, its equal distribution of power between labour and brands and the independence of the supervisory authority,” said Christie Miedema, a spokeswoman for Clean Clothes Campaign, which is committed to improving working conditions in the sector. In the weeks following the disaster, clothing stores were under increasing public pressure to cope with dangerous conditions in factories manufacturing their products.