This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On September 3, Oliver Letwin filed an emergency request for debate on this bill, pursuant to Permanent Order 24. This proposal, to allow the debate for the next day, was adopted at 328 against 301.   21 Conservative MPs voted in favour of the motion, then were removed from the Conservative whip and rejected for future elections, as Johnson had threatened him in advance. The 21 MPs were Guto Bebb, Richard Benyon, Steve Brine, Alastair Burt, Greg Clark, Ken Clarke, David Gauke, Justine Greening, Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Phillip Hammond, Stephen Hammond, Richard Harrington, Margot James, Letwin, Anne Milton, Caroline Nokes, Antoinette Sandbach, Nicholas Sosame, Rory Stewart and Ed Vaizey. With Phillip Lee`s departure to the Liberal Democrats the day before, this gave the opposition a 43-seat majority over the government. It was also noted that Holby City Episode A Simple Lie Part 1 on BBC One was delayed for a week to cover the vote. On 20 December 2019, just after the opening of Parliament after the 2019 British general election (in which the Conservative Party won a large majority of 80 seats), the government introduced a new bill to ratify its draft withdrawal agreement. She also moved another guillotine motion to limit debate on the bill.
The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. Following the success of the First Amendment Letwin, indicative votes were held on 27 March on the Brexit options favoured by Parliament. Eight proposals were voted on, eight of which failed. Since none of the proposals presented in the second round were able to obtain a majority in the House of Commons, a third round of indicative votes was scheduled for April 3.  On 3 April 2019, the House of Commons instead focused on the debate on the “European Union Bill (Withdrawal) (No. 5).” The bill is also known as the Cooper-Letwin Bill, after its main sponsors, Yvette Cooper (Labour) and Oliver Letwin (Conservative). The bill requires the government to obtain approval for an extension of the EU`s exit, if at all. In this regard, the House of Commons first debated a proposal from the House of Representatives to allow the legislation to be introduced for debate that day.
There was an amendment to the Business of the House proposal to see more indicative votes by April 8, 2019; This failed in the first undecided vote since 1993.  On 23 June 2016, the majority of British voters who voted in the UK referendum on EU membership chose to leave the European Union (52% for withdrawal and 48% for retention). The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  “The benefits of the withdrawal agreement, including a transitional period, are not included in the