A U.S.-based organization that deals with offsets is: 1. Offset, there are two contracts that run in parallel, i.e. primary (A) and secondary (B) contracts: below, you will find a superficial overview of the offset policy of some countries. It does not go into detail and, in essence, it gives: 1) the legal basis for the discrepancy; 2) the threshold at which a claim for compensation is made; 3) the “quantity” requested for compensation per country as a percentage of the market value; 4) applied multipliers that, by a number, describe revaluations of a certain type of offsets (the “credit value” of an offset is the “real value” by the multiplier); 5) and some specific observations or information, including the websites of national lag activities. The U.S. government`s definition of the offset agreement is the most important, given that the U.S. aerospace and defence industry is the largest exporter of aerospace and defense products and is therefore involved in most offsets in the world. The United States has a division of the Commerce Department, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), which deals specifically with U.S. defense offset agreements with foreign countries as an essential element of U.S. industrial security. BIS – whose primary mission is to protect U.S. security from a high-tech export perspective, promote commercially acceptable U.S. foreign policy and protect U.S.
economic interests – deals with U.S. airlines and defense that export defense products, systems or services involving “offset agreements” , i.e. additional guarantees or agreements requested by buyers. The BIS defines “mandatory compensation demanded by foreign governments when purchasing weapons systems and services.”  Compensation can be defined as provisions relating to an import agreement between an exporting foreign company or, possibly, a government acting as an intermediary and an importing government. The incentive of the exporter results from the conditioning of the main activity until the acceptance of the obligation to compensate.  Compensation agreements often include trade in military goods and services and are also referred to as industrial compensation, industrial cooperation, compensation, industrial and regional benefits, balances, fair return or balance, to define more complex mechanisms than counter-trade. Counter-commerce can also be considered one of the many forms of offset defence to compensate for a buying country.  Another podium participant spoke about how his company often travels outside the aerospace industry to meet offset requirements. He cited as an example the fact that his company is helping environmental technology companies create a joint venture in another country to meet a compensation requirement. This offset story in the United States has highlighted the impact of confidential agreements by defence firms on U.S. non-military activities, in some cases with devastating effects. The discovery of Feingold is also revealing for the EU common market, where interference and negative effects on EU businesses are allowed by an unjustified national attitude towards confidentiality or secrecy in indirect, non-military, balanced cases.
Article 346 of the Lisbon Treaty, written more than 50 years ago, is there to wisely avoid the disruptive effects caused by unjustified military secrets in civil compensation in the European common market. In the EU defence market, which is worth around $250 billion, with 27 sovereign public authorities that can claim state secrets – from Germany to Cyprus and Luxembourg – there is a potential for non-military indirect compensation of $60 billion, more than 1,000 times the distortion problem caused by Northrop (and the Finnish Ministry of Defence) to Beloit. No counter-law. Estonia is particularly interested in the co-operation