Some examples of common Spanish masculine adjectives are: Afortunado (happy), Alto (large), Bajo (short), Bueno (good), Estupendo (large), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeño (small) Remember – the NOUN is the boss – adjectives always correspond to the noun in gender and number. First, find the name in the sentence. Point it out. Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjectives Gender agreement. As mentioned earlier, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, for a sentence like “She is a pretty model”, we would say “Ella es una modelo hermosa”, but for several models we have to say “Ellas son modelos hermosas”. Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the verb SER, change so that there is a Spanish noun-adjective correspondence and the sentence makes sense. On the other hand, when describing feminine nouns like CASA (house), we should use a feminine adjective like BONITA (pretty) or ESPACIOSA (spacious) and not a masculine adjective like BONITO or ESPACIOSO. That being said, Spanish feminine adjectives are the same words with a slight change at the end from -O to -A, e.B. “Bueno” to “Buena”.
It is possible to make some masculine adjectives feminine by adding -A at the end when the words end with a consonant, but not in all cases, e.B. “Trabajador/Trabajadora” (right) and “Popular/Populara” (false). Most nationalities also change gender, including some that end with consonants such as “español->española”. Some Spanish adjectives used to describe male and female nouns are: Amable (type), Difícil (difficult), Fácil (simple), Flexible, Paciente (patient), Verde (green). In addition, most numbers change, with the exception of number one in UN when used before a male noun, and from UNA before a female noun, e.g. “Un amigo” and “Una amiga” 186 results for the adjective noun adjective correspondence Spanish spreadsheet Fourth, CHANGE the end of each adjective to match the noun in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). Adjectives in Spanish correspond to the noun in both gender and number. Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as “Amigo”, we must also use a masculine adjective as “Honesto”. Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like “Bonito” and “Creativo”, e.B. “El niño es bonito y gordo”. In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives.
In the previous lesson, we explained the rules for placing adjectives and talked about some situations where they are used before or after nouns. In this lesson, we will learn about another important feature called “concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo”, namely the Spanish noun-adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it seems, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of the nominal gender and plural form of nouns. We will start this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their ending, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: “an interesting libro”, “a fácil examination”, “a chico optimista/una chica optimista”. feminine singular noun adjective singular feminine. Noun/adjective agreement – A useful document on the noun and adjective agreement in Spanish In general, adjectives in Spanish follow this pattern. Warning: There are adjectives (inteligente, trabajador, etc.) that do not follow this pattern: you are logged in as a guest.